The Route of Volcans

The Route of Volcans Geoturístico itinerary by the formation volcanic of the Natural Park of Cabo de Gata - Níjar (Almeria).the most important volcanic bulk of the Iberian Peninsula is the Mountain range of the Cabo de Gata. Given the antiquity of the bulk (13-8 million years), until us volcanos have not arrived themselves, but their rest eroded by the rivers, the wind and the sea. In any case, the landscape that today we can contemplate to conserve an enormous variety of rocks, own structures of the vulcanism and capricious forms due to the erosion.
Informante: pitaco, Fecha: 2003-03-27

The Route of Volcans

The Route of Volcanos
Geoturístico itinerary by the formation volcanic
of the Natural Park of Cabo de Gata - Níjar (Almeria)

the more important volcanic bulk of the Iberian Peninsula is the Mountain range of the Cabo de Gata. Given the antiquity of the bulk (13-8 million years), until us volcanos have not arrived themselves, but their rest eroded by the rivers, the wind and the sea. In any case, the landscape that today we can contemplate to conserve an enormous variety of rocks, own structures of the vulcanism and capricious forms due to the erosion.

We will begin our itinerary from outside the Mountain range, in the famous Hoyazo de Níjar. We can arrive there by a track that leaves the Almeria-Murcia railcar, just where it takes the variant that takes to the population of Níjar. In spite of its crater form, the Hoyazo is not volcán but the rest of a submarine volcanic building that eroded and on that coralline reefs grew. When it emerged from the Mediterranean, the fluvial erosion did the rest, forming a peculiar circular valley on which the fossil reefs rise. Their volcanic rocks are the dacitas of gray color, splashed here and there by a beautiful red and cleared mineral: the garnets that gave fame to the place. The sands of the boulevards are full of them, sometimes accumulated in pleasures of crimson color.

we went now to San Jose, in the Natural Park of the Cabo de Gata we will follow our route by the coastal strip that goes from the beach of the Genoveses to the tower of White Vela. They are 6 or 7 kilometers of stroll on foot by the coves, dunes, beaches and cliffs, that can we took equal number of hours. Track exists one that takes from San jOse White Vela, perfectly practicable in bicycle or automobile. Nevertheless, the track is closed by an iron door in its South end and sometimes also in the part of San jOse. There are numerous parkings in the most important beaches and from them we can arrive by ways at the main places of interest of our itinerary. However, we recommended vividly that this one takes control on foot and of the tranquillity that deserves.

Partiremos of the wonderful beach of the Genoveses. The dark tone of the Morrón must to andesite, a volcanic rock very common in our zone and main volcanic mountain ranges of the world, like the $andes, from where it receives his name. If we followed by the sidewalk of the cliff, we arrived at the end of promontono and we were with soft white walls; they are ash-gray and tufas of some submarine volcano projected by its explosions.

We return back towards territories of work with abundant tracks and took a way that leaves them and raises contiguous hills the Morrón, leaving soon fascinating coves without name. There we found great amount of rocks in form of long columns, sometimes with aspect of organ pipes. They are strained of andesitica lava that fractured of that way when cooling off rápidamente.

In the South cliff of the main cove we can appreciate a series of volcanic layers that tell the small history us of the volcanic activity of the area. Of down above we see: ashes hardened with some andesitico block, soon agglomerate of the same rock and above absolutely the andesiticas taps with its tipicas columns of enfriamiento.

This demonstrates to us in the end that the old volcano began to erupcionar very violently, with many gases that produced enormous and continuous explosions, but that soon went away calming and left lava with relative tranquillity.

Seguiremos our itinerary already by the line of beach, although sometimes is necessary to border some cliff next to mar. Pasaremos to the two following coves, of great beauty, where we appreciated the agglomerate andesiticos again. And further on we found spectacular lava columns, in all the directions and directions, of all the sizes and shades. Possibly it is here where the formation columnares is in all their splendor.

By a way that climbs up the stop of the cliff, we walked and we enjoyed the views that offers the Mediterranean, until arriving at the beach of the Barronal. At the end of this one is gigantic vertical volcanic Filo'n, where the magma solidified in an enormous crack within the volcano, without getting to spill itself to the outside. To the other side the bases of the cooling columns arise, giving him aspect of ciclópea wall.

Seguimos by this new cove and its aim we return to take an ascending way that happens next to the beautiful and fragile rampante dune of Mónsul and lowered to the beach of this name. Here the sea has eroded cliffs of agglomerate andesiticos and it has turned them almost a work of Antoni Gaudí. The stroll by these underminings and cornices, until arriving almost from unexpected at the cove of the Average Moon, fascinates to us and it astonishes to us, making us reflect on the enormous amount of explosions and avalanches that would take place in the eruptions of million ago years.

From this wide beach, we will pass by fantastic places to arriving at an end in form of back from whale, gorgeous to the dusk: the Round End. On a base of ashes and white tufas one thick andesitica lava tap flowed, that cooled off quickly originating the columns of greater height of the zone.

Little further on, another promontory closes the step definitively to us and no longer it is possible to continue walking the border of the sea. One is powerful Filo'n of dacitas, the same rocks of the Hoyazo, but of reddish color due to meteorización due to the water and the air. We will have to return back, almost until the cove of the Average Moon by the track that raises White Vela, steep andesite hills show to holes and covachas to us excavated by the erosion: they are taffoni, typical of the heavy volcanic rocks, that are disgregan with relative facility.

In White Vela finishes our route. From we contemplated to a volcanic landscape riquísimo in forms there that speak of la eternal fight to us between the internal Earth energy, that create the relief, and the solar energy that, moving the air and the water, destroys it.

Confort y Sabor en Cabo de Gata
Confort y Sabor en Cabo de Gata

“ConfortySabor” nace para ofrecer experiencias a visitantes de todo el mundo, integrando sus vacaciones y necesidades…

Leer mas

Noche de San Juan en Cabo de Gata
Noche de San Juan en Cabo de Gata

La noche del 23 de Junio se celebra la fiesta de San Juan. 

Leer mas

Nos hacemos eco de la apertura de 'Sobre Ruedas Tours & Renting' en San José.
Nos hacemos eco de la apertura de "Sobre Ruedas Tours & Renting" en San José.

Parque Natural se hace eco de la apertura de "Sobre Ruedas Tours & Renting" en San José.  Alquilan patinetes y …

Leer mas

El descanso y el cuidado del cuerpo, no esta reñidos con la diversión
El descanso y el cuidado del cuerpo, no esta reñidos con la diversión

El descanso y el cuidado del cuerpo, no esta reñidos con la diversión, por eso en el SPA Calagrande.

Leer mas

Actividades de Rodalquilar Arte
Actividades de Rodalquilar Arte

Asociación Rodalquilarte organiza: lectura de textos y…

Leer mas